On The Course

Get yourself acquainted with the different areas of the golf course. You’ll see almost every one of these on the first hole you play!

Tee box

Play on each hole starts from here. The actual teeing area is defined by two ‘tee markers’ set several yards apart. The ball may be teed up on a tee. It must be played from between the tee markers and up to two club-lengths behind them.


It’s not hard to see how this part of the course got its name. It’s the closely mown area between the tee box and the green, and it’s certainly the best route to get from one to the other. Keep it on the short grass as much as possible. The game is a lot easier from there.


The rough is deeper grass often found bordering each side of a fairway. Rough can vary from an inch to four inches or more, and some courses have sections of graduated rough that gets deeper the further offline a player is from the fairway. In most cases, the thicker and taller the grass is, the harder it is to hit a ball from.


This is the area in which the hole is located. It has the shortest grass on the course so you can putt or roll the ball smoothly. A green can vary widely in size and shape, and frequently features sloping and undulating contours for added challenge. On the green is where most golfers can save more strokes than any other place on the course. Make the green your friend.


Your destination! The hole -- which at 4.25 inches in diameter is more than twice the width of a golf ball -- is where you want your ball to end up. The flagstick is seated into the bottom of the hole (or cup) so you can see your target as you approach the green.


Commonly known as sand traps, these hazards are depressions filled with sand and typically positioned to capture offline shots. Fairway bunkers are found in or along fairways some distance from the green, while greenside bunkers are located adjacent to the putting surface.

Out of bounds

These are areas bordering the golf course from which play is prohibited (for example, someone’s backyard or a road). Usually they are defined by white stakes, sometimes by fences or walls.

Halfway House

Typically located between holes 9 and 10 (the halfway point on an 18-hole course), there may be a halfway house with restrooms and a snack bar where you can take a few minutes to rest and refuel.

Golf Knowledge


A score of one stroke under par at a hole.